端午节,又称端阳节、龙舟节、重五节、天中节等,是集拜神祭祖、祈福辟邪、欢庆娱乐和饮食为一体的民俗大节。端午节源于自然天象崇拜,由上古时代祭龙演变而来。仲夏端午,苍龙七宿飞升于正南中央,处在全年最“中正”之位,正如《易经·乾卦》第五爻:“飞龙在天”。端午是“飞龙在天”吉祥日,龙及龙舟文化始终贯穿在端午节的传承历史中。 [1-4] 端午节起源于江浙地区吴越部族的龙图腾祭祀 [145] ,是流行于中国以及汉字文化圈诸国的传统文化节日, [139] 传说战国时期的楚国诗人屈原在五月初五跳汨罗江自尽,后人亦将端午节作为纪念屈原的节日;也有纪念伍子胥、曹娥及介子推等说法。端午节的起源涵盖了古老星象文化、人文哲学等方面内容,蕴含着深邃丰厚的文化内涵,在传承发展中杂糅了多种民俗为一体,各地因地域文化不同而又存在着习俗内容或细节上的差异。 [49] [127-131] [135] 端午节与春节、清明节、中秋节并称为中国四大传统节日。端午文化在世界上影响广泛,世界上一些国家和地区也有庆贺端午的活动。2006年5月,国务院将其列入首批国家级非物质文化遗产名录;自2008年起,被列为国家法定节假日。2009年9月,联合国教科文组织正式批准将其列入《人类非物质文化遗产代表作名录》,端午节成为中国首个入选世界非遗的节日。 [130] 2021年10月25日,《国务院办公厅关于2022年部分节假日安排的通知》发布,2022年端午节:6月3日至5日放假,共3天。 [140] The Dragon Boat Festival, also known as the Duanyang Festival, the Dragon Boat Festival, the Chongwu Festival, and the Tianzhong Festival, is a folk festival that integrates worshiping gods and ancestors, praying for blessings and warding off evil spirits, celebrating entertainment and eating. The Dragon Boat Festival originated from the worship of natural celestial phenomena and evolved from the sacrifice of dragons in ancient times. On the Midsummer Dragon Boat Festival, Canglong Qisu flew up to the center of the south, and was in the most "righteous" position throughout the year, just like the fifth line of "Book of Changes Qian Gua": "The flying dragon is in the sky". The Dragon Boat Festival is the auspicious day of "Flying Dragons in the Sky", and the culture of dragons and dragon boats has always run through the inheritance history of the Dragon Boat Festival. [1-4] The Dragon Boat Festival originated from the dragon totem sacrifice of the Wuyue tribe in Jiangsu and Zhejiang regions[145], and is a traditional cultural festival popular in China and other countries in the Chinese character culture circle. Later generations also regarded the Dragon Boat Festival as a festival to commemorate Qu Yuan; there are also sayings to commemorate Wu Zixu, Cao E and Jie Zitui. The origin of the Dragon Boat Festival covers ancient astrological culture, humanistic philosophy and other aspects, and contains profound and rich cultural connotations. In the inheritance and development, it is mixed with a variety of folk customs. Due to different regional cultures, there are customs and details in different places. difference. [49] [127-131] [135] The Dragon Boat Festival, the Spring Festival, the Qingming Festival and the Mid-Autumn Festival are known as the four traditional festivals in China. The Dragon Boat Festival has a wide influence in the world, and some countries and regions in the world also have activities to celebrate the Dragon Boat Festival. In May 2006, the State Council included it in the first batch of national intangible cultural heritage list; since 2008, it has been listed as a national statutory holiday. In September 2009, UNESCO officially approved it to be included in the "Representative List of Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity", and the Dragon Boat Festival became the first festival in China to be selected as a world intangible cultural heritage. [130] On October 25, 2021, the "Notice of the General Office of the State Council on the Arrangement of Some Holidays in 2022" was released. The Dragon Boat Festival in 2022: The holiday will be from June 3 to 5, a total of 3 days. [140]