七七事变,又称卢沟桥事变,发生于1937年7月7日 1937年7月7日夜,卢沟桥的日本驻军在未通知中国地方情况下,径自在中国驻军阵地附近举行所谓军事演习,并诡称有一名日军士兵失踪,要求进入北平西南的宛平县城(今卢沟桥镇)搜查,被中国驻军严词拒绝,日军随即向宛平城和卢沟桥发动进攻。中国驻军第29军37师219团奋起还击,进行了顽强的抵抗 [2] 。 “七七事变”揭开了全国抗日战争的序幕 The July 7 Incident, also known as the Lugou Bridge Incident, occurred on July 7, 1937 On the night of July 7, 1937, the Japanese garrison at Lugouqiao held a so-called military exercise near the Chinese garrison position without notifying the Chinese local authorities, and falsely claimed that a Japanese soldier was missing and asked to enter Wanping County, southwest of Peiping ( Today's Lugouqiao Town) was searched, but was strictly refused by the Chinese garrison, and the Japanese army immediately launched an attack on Wanping City and Lugou Bridge. The 219th Regiment of the 37th Division of the 29th Army of the Chinese Garrison fought back and fought tenaciously "July 7 Incident" opened the prelude to the National War of Resistance Against Japanese Aggression